The University of Oxford is the second oldest university in continuous operation in the world. It is considered one of the world's leading places of higher education and research. Its Medical Sciences Division is the largest of the four academic divisions within the University and is internationally recognized as a center of excellence for biomedical and clinical research and teaching. In 2022, Oxford was, for the 11th year running, ranked first in the world for Clinical, Pre-Clinical, and Health subjects. Neuroscientific research at the University of Oxford explores new hardware and software platforms for investigating foundational clinical neuroscience and improved treatments for neurological disorders, using multiple physical and algorithmic approaches.